In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley (modern-day Uzbekistan), swept across the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, covering India, along with modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh The Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks (with significant Mongol admixture). The Copper Hoards of the Indian Subcontinent: Preliminaries for an Interpretation, Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 36, 193–275, ISSN 0076-2741. Shah Jahan is famous for building the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum for his queen Mumtaz Mahal. Uttar Pradesh/Politics. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India. The culture of Uttar Pradesh swears by its rich historical past with its roots from Urdu. The meeting point is known as Triveni and is especially sacred to Hindus.  Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation (Avatar) of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is the capital city and Allahabad is the Judiciary Capital of the state. Uttar Pradesh: A political history Over the last 25 years, a fractured verdict has been typical of India’s biggest, most important, and most complex political battleground. Uttar Pradesh hosted modern educational institutions such as the Benaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University and the Darul Uloom Deoband. Liu, Xinru 2001 "Migration and Settlement of the Yuezhi-Kushan: Interaction and Interdependence of Nomadic and Sedentary Societies.". The Aryan hypothesis in Indian archaeology. Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India; Bengal regiment's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment, Mangal Pandey, is widely credited as its starting point. Akbar, its greatest exponent, employed in his court men preeminent in architecture, literature, painting, and music, irrespective of their caste or creed. It was formed in 1937 when it was called the United Province of Agra and Oudh. In ancient times, Uttar Pradesh was known as the Madhya Desh. After the death of Harsha, about 647, there was a gradual downfall of Buddhism accompanied by a revival of Hinduism. The city of Prayagraj is among the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh and situated at the confluence of three rivers- Ganga, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati. The history of Uttar Pradesh the Northern Indian state, stretches back technically to its formation on 1 April 1937 as the North-Western Provinces of Agra and Awadh, but the region itself shows the presence of human habitation dating back to between 85,000 and 73,000 years ago. It was created on 1 April 1937as the United Provinces with the passing of theStates Reorganization Act and renamed UttarPradesh in 1950. According to tradition, it was during that periodâlikely sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries bceâthat the Buddha preached his first sermon at Sarnath, near Varanasi. Jahangir was succeeded by his son Shah Jahan. The main rivers of the state are Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti and Ghagra. Even today Northeast […] From his capital at Kanyakubja (present-day Kannauj), he was able to control the whole of Uttar Pradesh as well as parts of what are now Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Rajasthan. The regions of Uttar Pradesh was said to have been the ancient Panchala country. , Most of the invaders of south India passed through the Gangetic plains of what is today Uttar Pradesh.  He was succeeded by his son Jahangir.  It spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and Odisha in the south. Goyal, S. R. "Ancient Indian Inscriptions" Kusumanjali Book World, Jodhpur (India), 2005. Uttar Pradesh for its strategic position, in ancient times was known the Madhya Desh. Although UP later became the fifth largest state of India, NWPA was one of the smallest states of the British Indian empire. Hindu art experienced its greatest development during the period of rule by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th century ce).
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