There was a time when India had the only known diamond mines in the world. Golconda Fort History – Golconda is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Telangana that has a legacy of more than 600 years. A historical sarai as part of Ibrahim Bagh, Taramati Baradari is a Persian style garden built during the reign of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah, the fourth Sultan of Golconda. The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. The Qutb Shahi dynasty ruled the Golconda Sultanate. The "Kala Mandir" is also located in the fort. The dynasty came to an end in 1687 during the reign of its seventh Sultan Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, when Mug… Patterned cloth exports were mainly to Java, Sumatra and other eastern countries. The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements. Golconda Fort has eight gates out of which the main gate is Fateh Darwaza or the Victory Gate. Golconda was the capital of Qutb Shahi dynasty from 1518-1687. The curved gate is an important structure in the history of Golconda Fort. Golconda Fort is one of the grandest forts in India. It was taken over by the Bahmani Empire between 1358 and 1375. It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. The fortress-city within the walls was famous for diamond trade. One fine day, on the rocky hill called Mangalavaram, a shepherd boy came across an idol. Kakatiya dynasty rulers are the ones who built the Golconda fort. It was transformed into a splendid fortified city of grand palaces, mosques and gardens by successive Qutb Shahi rulers. The area above the door has peacocks with ornate tails flanking an ornamental arched niche. Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk (r. 1487–1543), sent by the Bahmanids as a governor at Golconda, established the city as the seat of his government around 1501. The tombs of the Qutub Shahi sultans lie about one kilometer north of Golconda's outer wall. This worked as a warning in case of an attack. The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. Golconda was originally known as Mankal. It was originally a mud fort under the reign of Rajah of Warangal. It was the capital of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty since th15th century. Golconda Fort is listed as an archaeological treasure on the official "List of Monuments" prepared by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act.  Golconda Fort was first built by the Kakatiyas as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. Golconda Fort is one of the grandest forts in India. The mesmerizing light and sound show takes you on a ride of mixed emotions. The gems that were sold there came from a number of mines. Built at an approximate distance of around 9 kilometers from the popular Hussain Sagar Lake, this fortress is a beautifully preserved monument of the country. 1884. It is likewise a tehsil of Hyderabad area, Telangana, India. Huge rampart around the golconda fort was built, a glimpse of which can still be seen. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are also major attractions of the fort. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. It was originally […] The history of this heritage structure was in the 12th century when it was ruled by the Kakatiya’s followed by Bahamani’s and Qutub Shahi kings. The Golconda Fort, originally called Mankal, was first built as a defence during battles. After climbing two hours to the fort, followed by a climb up to the palace of Taramati, there is a temple in the middle of two rocks known as Mahakali Temple. The Golconda Fort used to have a vault where the famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope The gate is very magnificent and was used to inform the residents of the fort about the danger. Golconda Fort under Kakatiya and Musunuri Dynasties. In 1636, Shah Jahan forced the Qutb Shahis to recognize Mughal suzerainty. It was originally a mud fort under the reign of Rajah of Warangal. Golconda Fort. The history of this heritage structure was in the 12th century when it was ruled by the Kakatiya’s followed by Bahamani’s and Qutub Shahi kings. The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India. The fort stands on a 400 ft high hill and was initially built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the twelfth century. Golkonda Fort was first worked by the Kakatiyas as a feature of their western resistances along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are built on a point which is quite rocky. This tutorial will let you know about the history of the fort along with the structures present inside. The stone and copper inscriptions were the sources of information about the dynasty. It was one of the largest empires of South Asia. They are currently included on India's "tentative list". Golconda Fort. It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. Golconda Fort is a grand structure built on a hill of altitude 400 feet with a circumference of 7 km displaying the beautiful fusion of Hindu-Islamic style of architecture. The Katora Houz was used as a water storage facility for the fort. The Golconda Fort was built out of a mud fort that was originally created by the Yadavas and Kakatiyas around the 12th-century. Golconda fort presents a mesmerizing architecture which will astonish you at each and every step. Tags. It also includes a war mosque. This 400-year-old majestic and imposing Golconda Fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13th century. The Golconda Fort was built by the Qutb Shahis who ruled for 160 years from the fort. The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond is a 31.06-carat (6.212 g) deep-blue diamond which boasts of ultra-rare blue hue. With the development of their unique Indo-Persian architecture, the Mughals made a major contribution to the Indian subcontinent. The other buildings found inside the fort are: The Baradari located at the top of the citadel. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1525, the Golconda Fort epitomises the opulent nawab culture of the time. The most sought places in Hyderabad remain Ramuji Film city, Falaknuma Palace, Charminar Gate, and the Golconda Fort. Golconda Fort is located at Ibrahim Bagh, Hyderabad, Telangana. Situated at the upper part of the fort, south-southeast of Baradari at the top of Golconda Fort, the mosque was built in the memory of the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda. The ramparts of the new fort start after the residential area with many towers and the Hatiyan ka Jhad ("Elephant-sized tree")—an ancient baobab tree with an enormous girth. It was built to use it as a part of their western defenses. Gemologists use this classification to denote a diamond with a complete (or almost-complete) lack of nitrogen; "Golconda" material is also referred to as "2A". It was transformed into a splendid fortified city of grand palaces, mosques and gardens by successive Qutb Shahi rulers. It is believed that there is a secret tunnel that leads from the "Durbar Hall" and ends in one of the palaces at the foot of the hill. A view of the Golconda Fort, with the city of Hyderabad in the background. The 13th century Golkonda Fort was built by the Kakatiyas. It is listed as an archaeological treasure by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. The Bahmani Sultanate was the first independent Muslim kingdom in South India. The Qutb Shahis were descendants of Qara Yusuf from Qara Qoyunlu, a Turkoman Muslim tribe. Exports of this cloth was to Persia and European countries. The fort was rebuilt and … Some info about the Kakatiya period came from Sanskrit and Telugu literary works written during the Kakatiya and post-Kakatiya period. These structures are made of beautifully carved stonework, and surrounded by landscaped gardens. Several dynasties ruled Golconda over years: Naya Qila is an extension of Golconda Fort which was turned into the Hyderabad Golf Club despite resistance from farmers who owned the land and various NGOs within the city. It belonged to various Indian and Persian rulers. Golconda Fort can be roughly translated into the 'Shepherd's hill'. The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. It was later re-built with granite by initial Qutub Shahi kings, which took about 62 years to complete. Golconda Fort Hyderabad, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Golconda Fort was first built by the Kakatiya dynasty as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The fort finally fell into ruins after the siege of Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in 1687. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad History: Founded by a shepherd, a granite hill which once was a territory of the Kakatiya Dynasty, witnessed the construction of the Golconda fort. All Right Reserved. The Daria-i-Noor, a pale pink color diamond, which means “Sea of light” in Persian is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing an estimated 182 carats (36 g). The name of the fort has been derived from the Telugu words "Golla" and "Konda" which together means 'Shepherd's Hill'. Keats, John. Under the Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda slowly rose to prominence. Founded in the approximately 12th Century by the Kakatiya Kings, this massive Golconda Fort with eight gates and 87 bastions was later built by Qutub Shahi Kings. The fort stands on a 400 ft high hill and was initially built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the twelfth century. Golconda Fort- The pride of Hyderabad. There ar… The Golconda Fort was built and modified by successive generations by Qutb Shahis who ruled for 160 years from the fort. Shepherd's Hill or "Golla Konda", as it was popularly know in Telugu, has an interesting story behind it. They are open to public and receive many visitors. An acoustic effect can be experienced at Fateh Darwazaan, a hand clap at a certain point below the dome at the entrance reverberates and can be heard clearly at the 'Bala Hisar' pavilion, the highest point almost a kilometer away. Golkonda was originally known as Mankal. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad city and is about 9 km from the Hussain Sagar Lake. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad. A rather lesser known part of the Golconda fort is the Naya Qila, which was essentially built by Sultan Abudllah Qutb Shah, the sixth Golconda king, as further defence against Mughal armies after the first Mughal attack on Hyderabad in 1656. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad city and is about 9 km from the Hussain Sagar Lake. The history of the Golkonda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this south eastern part of the country was ruled by the Kakatiyas. It was ceded by Musunur… A shephard boy originally came across an idol on the hill, which led to the then rulers constructing a mud fort. Golconda , or “Golla Konda” , literally meaning Shepherd’s hill, was originally built in the thirteenth century by the then Kakatiya rulers. Patterned cloth was made of prints which were made indigenously with indigo for blue, chay-root for red coloured prints and vegetable yellow. History. For other uses, see, Saqi Mustaid Khan, Ma'asir-i-Alamgiri, Translated by, "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Andhra Pradesh", "The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "6. It is located 11 kms from Hyderabad on a hill. Golkonda Fort was first built by the Kakatiyas as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort.The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements.The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. Musunuri Prolaya Nayaka is the founding ruler of the family and also is one of the most important in the history of the Telugu states. The length of the gate is 25ft and width is 13ft. Golconda Fort, also known as Golkonda (Telugu: "shepherds' hill"), is a fortified citadel and an early capital city of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c. 1512–1687), located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Bahmani rule gradually weakened during this period, and Sultan Quli formally became independent in 1538, establishing the Qutb Shahi dynasty based in Golconda. Golconda , or “Golla Konda” , literally meaning Shepherd’s hill, was originally built in the thirteenth century by the then Kakatiya rulers. About Golconda Fort. Plain cloth was available as white or brown colour, in bleached or dyed variety. The spandrels have yalis and decorated roundels. The fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13 th century. Copyright © 2018 Proactive. , The fort finally fell into ruin in 1687, after an eight-month-long siege led to its fall at the hands of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. A shephard boy originally came across an idol on the hill, which led to the then rulers constructing a mud fort. The facade consists of five arches, each with lotus medallions in the spandrels. The fort was rebuilt and … Mahakali Temple. Golkonda was the market city of the diamond trade, and gems sold there came from a number of mines. The Hope Diamond, a rare blue in color weighs 45.52 carats. Kakatiya dynasty built the Golconda fort to defend the western part of their kingdom. . Later it was fortified between 14 th and 17 th centuries by the Bahmani Sultans and then by … The Golconda Fort’s origins are traced back to the 14th century when the Rajah of Warangal Deo Rai (under the Kakatiya Kingdom which ruled from Warangal) built a mud fort. The fort is spread in around 11km area and has beautiful architecture. The fort was then expanded to have a 10-kilometer outer wall that enclosed the city. Golconda was originally known as Mankal. During the early seventeenth century a strong cotton-weaving industry existed in Golconda. From 1518 to 1591 it was the capital of the Quṭb Shāhī kingdom (1518–1687), one of five Muslim sultanates of the Deccan. After this, Musunuri dynasty took over the fort by defeating Tughlaqi army. The gate has steel spikes to protect it from elephants. The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters high and is surrounded by massive battlements. It is also known as Le Bijou du Roi which means ``the King's Jewel``. Golconda Fort was capital of Golconda Sultanate and it is a ruined fort of southern india. Golconda Fort is an outstanding example of military architecture, with its impregnable defense mechanism. Golconda is not only known for Golconda fort but also renowned for the diamonds all over the world. The territory of Golconda lay between the lower As you enter Golconda Fort, the first thing you see is Fateh Darwaza. The "Kala Mandir" is also located in the fort. The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters high and is surrounded by massive battlements. The Qutb Shahi dynasty ruled the Golconda Sultanate in south India from 1518 AD to 1687 AD. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length.
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