is mali a prorupted state

Mali is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). (Köppen climate classification Aw) In review, Mali's climate is tropical, with March to May being the hot, dry season. [121], The constitution establishes a secular state and provides for freedom of religion, and the government largely respects this right. [65] Most of Mali receives negligible rainfall and droughts are very frequent. Meaning of prorupted. [134] Drop-out rates for girls are 15% higher than that of boys because they have a higher responsibility at home and most parents refuse to allow all their children to go to school, so boys tend to become educated. Yes. For other uses, see. Definition of prorupted in the Definitions.net dictionary. The thermal equator, which matches the hottest spots year-round on the planet based on the mean daily annual temperature, crosses the country. [132] Women are blamed for not maintaining the appearance of their husbands and are also blamed for the actions of their children if they misbehave, which encourages the cultural attitude that women are inferior to men. The country's economy centers on agriculture and mining. a country (State) that is compact but has a projection protruding out from he main body of the State. 1337. Only 55% of the population in cities have access to EDM. Mali borders Algeria to the north-northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the south-east, Ivory Coast to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal to the west and Mauritania to the north-west.[64]. [98][99] In addition to cotton, Mali produces rice, millet, corn, vegetables, tobacco, and tree crops. [133] The areas of impact then influence the negative score of Mali in relation to gender equality. [122][123], Public education in Mali is in principle provided free of charge and is compulsory for nine years between the ages of seven and sixteen. This protrusion gives the state several advantages. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. Al Qaeda's stated reason for the attack was Chad's re-establishing diplomatic ties with Israel. How do you use prorupted in a sentence? Choose from 3 different sets of Prorupted State flashcards on Quizlet. Mexico is bordered by 4,353 km of land. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [61] Between 11 and 23 deaths followed protests that took place from 10 to 13 June. [141], The best-known novel by a Malian writer is Yambo Ouologuem's Le devoir de violence, which won the 1968 Prix Renaudot but whose legacy was marred by accusations of plagiarism. [126] In 2000, 62–65% of the population was estimated to have access to safe drinking water and only 69% to sanitation services of some kind. [18], Guinean writer Djibril Niane suggests in Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali (1965) that it is not impossible that Mali was the name given to one of the capitals of the emperors. [88] General insecurity along borders in the north, including cross-border banditry and terrorism, remain troubling issues in regional relations. Africa Mali in crisis but not a failed state. [136] Most Malians wear flowing, colorful robes called boubous that are typical of West Africa. [143] Informal games are often played by youths using a bundle of rags as a ball. [58][59] In July 2018, the Constitutional Court approved the nomination of a total of 24 candidates in the election. [70] The implementation of the two newest regions, Taoudénit (formerly part of Tombouctou Region) and Ménaka (formerly Ménaka Cercle in Gao Region), has been ongoing since January 2016;[71][72] a governor and transitional council has been appointed for both regions. [93] Two major companies, Societé de Telecommunications du Mali (SOTELMA) and the Cotton Ginning Company (CMDT), were expected to be privatized in 2008. Perforated. [121] The system encompasses six years of primary education beginning at age 7, followed by six years of secondary education. [99] Seasonal variations lead to regular temporary unemployment of agricultural workers. 26 March 1991 is the day that marks the clash between military soldiers and peaceful demonstrating students which climaxed in the massacre of dozens under the orders of then President Moussa Traoré. [65] Mali is mostly flat, rising to rolling northern plains covered by sand. Chile & Argentina) Prorupted State - compact with a piece sticking out, centrifugal (ex. Mali, landlocked country of western Africa, mostly in the Saharan and Sahelian regions. [127] Mali's population also suffers from a high rate of child malnutrition and a low rate of immunization. answer choices . [134] At the international, Mali signed the Beijing Platform for Action which suggest that women should participate in decision-making and the convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women which is the foundation to women's rights promotion. [60] As no candidate received more than 50% of the vote in the first round, a runoff was held on 12 August 2018 between the top two candidates, incumbent President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta of the Rally for Mali and Soumaïla Cissé of the Union for the Republic and Democracy. The Songhai had long been a major power in West Africa subject to the Mali Empire's rule. 1960 - Mali becomes independent with Modibo Keita as president. [101] Gold is mined in the southern region and Mali has the third highest gold production in Africa (after South Africa and Ghana). Mali is southwest of Algeria and has an area of 1,240,000 sq. Mexico is an elongated state with prorupted parts. [121] Mali's health and development indicators rank among the worst in the world. [140][141] Other well-known Malian writers include Baba Traoré, Modibo Sounkalo Keita, Massa Makan Diabaté, Moussa Konaté, and Fily Dabo Sissoko. [91] Life expectancy at birth was 53.06 years total (51.43 for males and 54.73 for females). [88] Mali was active in regional organizations such as the African Union until its suspension over the 2012 Malian coup d'état. [42][43], On 11 January 2013, the French Armed Forces intervened at the request of the interim government. [82], Mali's foreign policy orientation has become increasingly pragmatic and pro-Western over time. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Mali due to COVID-19. [105] More than 90% of the population lives in the southern part of the country, especially in Bamako, which has over 1 million residents. [63], Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, located southwest of Algeria. [134] The involvement of international organizations like USAID assist Mali financially to enhance their development through the efforts of the improvement of women's rights. [134] Members of Parliament, 15 were women in 2010 out of 147 members. Fragmented. [82][83] Following the 2007 elections, the Alliance for Democracy and Progress held 113 of 160 seats in the assembly. [49] One such militia is the Dogon group Dan Na Ambassagou, created in 2016. The landscape transitions from Sahara Desert in … Is Turkey a compact, prorupted, perforated, elongated, or fragmented state? [62], The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) condemned the coup and demanded the reinstallation of President Keïta. Learn Prorupted State with free interactive flashcards. [24] In early 1959, French Sudan (which changed its name to the Sudanese Republic) and Senegal united to become the Mali Federation. [82] Mali's highest courts are the Supreme Court, which has both judicial and administrative powers, and a separate Constitutional Court that provides judicial review of legislative acts and serves as an election arbiter. [132] Provisions in the laws limit women's decision-making power after marriage, in which the husband becomes superior to his wife. Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine, which is heavily based on cereal grains. [32], In 1992, Alpha Oumar Konaré won Mali's first democratic, multi-party presidential election, before being re-elected for a second term in 1997, which was the last allowed under the constitution. Presidential elections were held on 28 July 2013, with a second-round run-off held on 11 August, and legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December 2013. Yes, sure, there are jihadists in this zone, but the real problem is banditry, animal theft, score settling – people are enriching themselves using the fight against terrorists as a cover.”[47], The conflict has seen the creation and growth of Dogon and Bambara militias. Mali held a state funeral on Tuesday for former president Amadou Toumani Toure, an emblematic figure who steered the troubled nation to free elections and … [127] An estimated 1.9% of the adult and children population was afflicted with HIV/AIDS that year,[clarification needed] among the lowest rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. [40] However, Islamist groups including Ansar Dine and Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), who had helped the MNLA defeat the government, turned on the Tuareg and took control of the North[41] with the goal of implementing sharia in Mali. Farming took place by 5000 BC and iron was used around 500 BC. A fragmented state has several noncontiguous pieces of territory. Ch 4 political geography open geography education. His efforts were frustrated by political turmoil and a devastating drought between 1968 and 1974,[28] in which famine killed thousands of people. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold on the African continent,[11] and salt.[12]. Mali is considered one of the poorest countries in the world. As a consequence, opposition parties were legalized and a national congress of civil and political groups met to draft a new democratic constitution to be approved by a national referendum. [88] Mali feels threatened by the potential for the spillover of conflicts in neighboring states, and relations with those neighbors are often uneasy. [121], Islam as historically practiced in Mali has been malleable and adapted to local conditions; relations between Muslims and practitioners of minority religious faiths have generally been amicable. [129][130], In 2017, Mali ranked 157th out of 160 countries in the gender inequality index as reported by the United Nations Development Programme. [135] Traditional roles of men and women are emphasized in which the man is the head of the household and women have to meet the needs and demands of men. [23] The empire expanded throughout West Africa from the 8th century until 1078, when it was conquered by the Almoravids. [54], During the first week of October 2019, two jihadist attacks in the towns of Boulikessi and Mondoro killed more than 25 Mali soldiers near the border with Burkina Faso. In the northeast, the Adrar des Ifoghas is a large massif. Such power can only be authorized by the Parliament of the UK which possesses the power to enact laws, abolishing or unilaterally revising devolution. The first pays $22,500 per year plus a health benefits package worth $95 per month. Ramon is considering two jobs. Can separate two states to keep them from sharing a boundary . Het Frans is de officiële taal. Some famous Malian influences in music are kora virtuoso musician Toumani Diabaté, the ngoni with Bassekou Kouyate the virtuoso of the electric jeli ngoni, the late roots and blues guitarist Ali Farka Touré, the Tuareg band Tinariwen, Khaira Arby, and several Afro-pop artists such as Salif Keita, the duo Amadou et Mariam, Oumou Sangare, Fatoumata Diawara, Rokia Traore, and Habib Koité. [78][79], The president serves as a chief of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. A prorupted or protruded has an extension that protrudes from the main territory. Most of the country lies in the southern Sahara Desert, which produces an extremely hot, dust-laden Sudanian savanna zone. An ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states. [28] Opposition to the corrupt and dictatorial regime of General Moussa Traoré grew during the 1980s. [35], Slavery persists in Mali today with as many as 200,000 people held in direct servitude to a master. [132] The lack of participation of women in politics is due to the idea that politics is associated with men and that women should avoid this sector. [121] The University of Bamako, which includes four constituent universities, is the largest university in the country and enrolls approximately 60,000 undergraduate and graduate students. Mali has 12 national languages beside French and Bambara, namely Bomu, Tieyaxo Bozo, Toro So Dogon, Maasina Fulfulde, Hassaniya Arabic, Mamara Senoufo, Kita Maninkakan, Soninke, Koyraboro Senni, Syenara Senoufo, Tamasheq and Xaasongaxango. It later outgrew its political and military strength and by about 1550 ceased to be important as a political entity. 30 seconds . What does prorupted mean? [98][99] During 2002, 620,000 tons of cotton were produced in Mali but cotton prices declined significantly in 2003. In the far north, there is a division between Berber-descended Tuareg nomad populations and the darker-skinned Bella or Tamasheq people, due to the historical spread of slavery in the region. [137] Malian music is diverse and has several different genres. Despite an estimated loss of 300 lives over the course of four days, nonviolent protesters continued to return to Bamako each day demanding the resignation of the dictatorial president and the implementation of democratic policies.[32]. It becomes a one-party, socialist state. [16] A month later, Malian and French forces recaptured most of the north. There are also approximately 29 airports of which 8 have paved runways. Calverton, MD: ORC Marco; 2004 (DHS Comparative Reports No. [134] The Poverty Reduction Strategy Programme (PRSP) and the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Programme under the Malian Government seek to improve the well-being of the citizens, and changes to governance and gender in the country. as that is the final duty of a woman to become a housewife and rear her children while the men provides for the family. During this time, flooding of the Niger River is common, creating the Inner Niger Delta. is Turkey a compact, prorupted, perforated, elongated, or fragmented state? However, Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland hold some degree of devolved and autonomous power. India is an example of a prorupted state. [134] These factors serve as the norm for gender relations, but are also the cause for inequalities and strengthen male domination within the household. Also a prorupted state can be used to separate two territories. Find answers now! By 26 March, the growing refusal of soldiers to fire into the largely nonviolent protesting crowds turned into a full-scale tumult, and resulted in thousands of soldiers putting down their arms and joining the pro-democracy movement. The base was attacked in Anguelhok, a village located in an especially unstable region of the country. Archipelagos such as Philippines, Indonesia, and Fiji are examples of fragmented states. For example, the state gets easy access to the coast and the local resources around it. Shape: Compact state with a projecting territory . Print Shapes of States: Compact, Prorupted, Perforated & More Worksheet 1. Keïta was subsequently re-elected with 67% of the vote. [143], Basketball is another major sport;[143][145] the Mali women's national basketball team, led by Hamchetou Maiga, competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. These prorupted parts are the Baja peninsula to the Northwest and the Yucatan peninsula to the Southeast. [121], Estimates of literacy rates in Mali range from 27–30 to 46.4%, with literacy rates significantly lower among women than men. [91] Other significant groups are the Fula (French: Peul; Fula: Fulɓe) (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%), and Tuareg and Moor (10%). Zuid-Soedan, Burgeroorlogen en staatshervormingen jaren negentig, Union Soudanaise - Rassemblement Démocratique Africain, Organisatie voor Islamitische Samenwerking, Niet officiële schatting CIA Factbook juli 2020, Van democratische oase tot broeinest terrorisme. [82][87] Various lower courts exist, though village chiefs and elders resolve most local disputes in rural areas. In Mali, there is a railway that connects to bordering countries. [91], Mali's population encompasses a number of sub-Saharan ethnic groups. [88][90], Mali's military forces consist of an army, which includes land forces and air force,[91] as well as the paramilitary Gendarmerie and Republican Guard, all of which are under the control of Mali's Ministry of Defense and Veterans, headed by a civilian. [62], Members of the military led by Colonel Assimi Goïta and Colonel-Major Ismaël Wagué in Kati, Koulikoro Region began a mutiny on 18 August 2020. [140][141], The most popular sport in Mali is association football,[142][143] which became more prominent after Mali hosted the 2002 African Cup of Nations. The Adrar des Ifoghas massif lies in the northeast. [134] Similarly, technical and vocational education has a lower numbers of girls participating and are inadequately distributed in the country because the training centers are focused in the urban cities. [138], Though Mali's literature is less famous than its music,[139] Mali has always been one of Africa's liveliest intellectual centers. [93], Between 1992 and 1995, Mali implemented an economic adjustment programme that resulted in economic growth and a reduction in financial imbalances. The sovereign state of Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. [100], In 1991, with the assistance of the International Development Association, Mali relaxed the enforcement of mining codes which led to renewed foreign interest and investment in the mining industry. [66][67] In 2012, a further uranium mineralized north zone was identified. [138] Dance parties are common events among friends, and traditional mask dances are performed at ceremonial events. [97], Mali's key industry is agriculture. [65] The vast northern desert part of Mali has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, extremely hot summers and scarce rainfall which decreases northwards. Prorupted States . Tags: Question 15 . [95] The gross domestic product (GDP) has risen since. [119] Atheism and agnosticism are believed to be rare among Malians, most of whom practice their religion daily. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. In 2002, the GDP amounted to US$3.4 billion,[96] and increased to US$5.8 billion in 2005,[93] which amounts to an approximately 17.6% annual growth rate. The population is predominantly rural (68% in 2002), and 5%–10% of Malians are nomadic. A prorupted state is like a compact state but has an extension for resources or products to benefit the country. A curfew was begun and the streets of Bamako were quiet. [49] The government denies this. The name means "the place where the king lives"[17] and carries a connotation of strength. Cotton is the country's largest crop export and is exported west throughout Senegal and Côte d’Ivoire. [62] President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, and Prime Minister Boubou Cissé were arrested, and shortly after midnight Keïta announced his resignation, saying he did not want to see any bloodshed. Since the agreement, sixteen enterprises were privatized, 12 partially privatized, and 20 liquidated. [68] Mali faces numerous environmental challenges, including desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, and inadequate supplies of potable water. The Bambara (Bambara: Bamanankaw) are by far the largest single ethnic group, making up 36.5% of the population. [23] The earliest of these empires was the Ghana Empire, which was dominated by the Soninke, a Mande-speaking people. Mali, once hailed as a beacon of democracy, has been plummeting ever deeper into crisis since a coup in late March. A coup d’etat is currently taking place in Mali. [91] The median age was 15.9 years. In Bamako, in response to mass demonstrations organized by university students and later joined by trade unionists and others, soldiers opened fire indiscriminately on the nonviolent demonstrators. An estimated 800,000 people in Mali are descended from slaves. Prorupted state examples Territorial morphology ppt video online download. For example, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Aga Khan Foundation, trained women's groups to make equinut, a healthy and nutritional version of the traditional recipe di-dèguè (comprising peanut paste, honey and millet or rice flour). "The GeGaLo index: Geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition". Polgreen, Lydia and Cowell, Alan (6 April 2012), Muller, CJ and Umpire, A (22 November 2012). [92], The Central Bank of West African States handles the financial affairs of Mali and additional members of the Economic Community of West African States. In 2002 Amadou Toumani Touré, a retired general who had been the leader of the military aspect of the 1991 democratic uprising, was elected. Information and translations of prorupted in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In March 2012, the Malian government lost control over Tombouctou, Gao and Kidal Regions and the north-eastern portion of Mopti Region. What follows is a geographical and historical treatment of Mali, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 26 okt 2020 om 10:04. The projecting territory of Democratic Republic of Congo was made by the [103], Mali is endowed with renewable energy resources and according to the index of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index) it can gain significant benefits from the global transition to renewable energy. SLOVAKIA Chey Gage December 17,2013 2nd period Slovakia is an elongated state All the borders of Slovakis It didn't really say specifically but by looking at it, it looks like it has both of them with Germany The relative location is Central Central Europe it is bordered by, [24], In the late 14th century, the Songhai gradually gained independence from the Mali Empire and expanded, ultimately subsuming the entire eastern portion of the Mali Empire. [131] The Malian Constitution states that it protects women's rights, however many laws exist that discriminate against women.

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